Tag Archives: carbohydrate

Leftovers Beef Orange Stir Fry

Quick and easy, this beef orange stir fry uses all my leftover vegetables to provide you with 5 OF YOUR 5-A-DAY!

INGREDIENTS:

  • Handful Spinach
  • 140g lean stir fry beef
  • 1 carrot, sliced finely
  • 80g sweetcorn
  • 1 onion, chopped
  • 1 garlic clove, diced
  • 1 tsp ginger, grated
  • 1 tbsp reduced-salt soy sauce
  • 1 tsp honey
  • 1 1/2 tbsp rice vinegar
  • 1 orange, half juiced and half in segments
  • 1 tsp olive oil
  • Noodles, cooked

METHOD:

  1. Heat the olive oil in a pan on a medium heat and add the onion and carrot; sauté for 5 minutes. Add the garlic clove and cook for a further 2 minutes.
  2. Add the stir fry beef strips and turn up the heat until browned. Reduce the heat to medium and cook for 3-4 minutes.
  3. Add the orange segments, sweetcorn and noodles, cooking for a further 2 minutes.
  4. Add the soy sauce, ginger, rice vinegar, honey, and orange juice. Combine and cook until heated through.
  5. Serve and enjoy!

NUTRITION: Screen Shot 2018-09-16 at 10.37.32.png

Beef – High in protein and low in fat, when the lean version is bought. It is also high in vitamin B3, B6 and B12 for energy release in respiration, and iron for protein and neurotransmitter synthesis and immune function.

Onion – High in vitamin C for immune function, folic acid for DNA synthesis, and fibre for digestion.

Orange – Concentrated in vitamin C for immune and antioxidant function; oranges are also high in fibre for digestion and potassium for fluid balance and electrolytes.

Carrot – high in vitamin A (specifically beta-carotene) for vision and immune function.

Spinach – providing vitamin K for cell signalling and vitamin A for eye function, as well as fibre for digestion.

Sweetcorn – High in vitamin B1 and B5 for release of energy from respiration, and vitamin C for protein and neurotransmitter synthesis.

Noodles – high in carbohydrate to give you loads of energy to get you through your day!

Smoked Mackerel Kedgeree

Brunch or dinner, this recipe provides MULTIPLE essential nutrients like omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids from the mackerel, protein from the eggs (and mackerel), and loads of vitamins from the vegetables.

Serves 2.

INGREDIENTS:

  • 1 tsp olive oil
  • 1/2 tsp mustard seeds
  • 1/2 tsp coriander seeds
  • 4 curry leaves
  • 1 onion, diced
  • 1 leek, sliced
  • 1 carrot, chopped
  • 1 clove garlic, diced
  • 100g rice
  • 1/2 tsp turmeric
  • 1/2 tsp mild curry powder
  • 2 eggs
  • 2 cooked smoked mackerel fillets
  • 1/2 lime

METHOD:

  1. Heat the olive oil in a pan on a high heat; add the mustard seeds, coriander seeds and curry leaves and stir until the seeds crackle, for roughly 1 minute.
  2. Add the onion, leek and carrot and reduce the heat to low. Cook for roughly 10 minutes or until the vegetables have softened.
  3. Add the garlic and cook for a further 2 minutes.
  4. Add the rice, turmeric and curry powder and combine; frying for 1 minute.
  5. Add the appropriate amount of boiling water for 100g of rice, reduce to a simmer,  and cover to cook for 15 minutes – keep watching, I read that 250ml water would be sufficient but found that much more was needed.
  6. Whilst the rice is cooking, boil the eggs for 5 minutes, then remove the shell and keep to the side.
  7. Uncover the rice, flake in the mackerel and season. Cook uncovered for a further 5 minutes – more water may need to be added to stop the rice sticking.
  8. Season and serve with the egg and 1/4 lime wedge.
  9. Enjoy!

NUTRITION:

Screen Shot 2018-09-04 at 14.25.06.png

Mackerel – High in essential omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids of which you should be having three times a week, and protein, so is a good choice of fish (and it tastes AMAZING).

Eggs –  Eggs are the most useful protein source as they provide essential amino acids (the building molecules of protein), which are also absorbed most efficiently by the body.

Rice – high in carbohydrate to give you loads of energy to get you through your day!

Carrots – high in vitamin A (specifically beta-carotene) for vision and immune function.

Onion – High in vitamin C for immune function, folic acid for DNA synthesis, and fibre for digestion.

Zingy Lemon Mackerel Risotto

Stuck for tea ideas tonight? This refreshing summery recipe is perfect! Easy to make but very impressive, especially if cooking for lots of people (and also super cheap)!

Serves 2

INGREDIENTS:

  • 140g dried risotto rice
  • 1 pint vegetable stock or water
  • 2 white onions, chopped
  • 3 cloves garlic, diced
  • 2 cans mackerel in sunflower oil
  • Juice and zest of 1 lemon
  • 100g frozen peas
  • 150g green beans, chopped
  • 1 tsp olive oil

METHOD:

  1. Heat the olive oil in a frying pan and add the onions, cook until just softened, for around 4 minutes on a medium heat.
  2. Add the garlic and stir for a further 1 minute.
  3. Add the risotto rice, and keep stirring until the edges of the grains are becoming more translucent.
  4. Add a third of the stock, stir, and reduce the heat so it is simmering.
  5. When the first third of the stock has nearly reduced, add the mackerel and the second third of the stock and stir once more.
  6. Add the lemon juice, zest, frozen peas, and green beans with the final third of stock and cook until the stock has reduced and the rice is soft.
  7. Serve with lemon pieces and season.
  8. Enjoy!

NUTRITION:

Screen Shot 2018-07-13 at 16.42.35.png

Mackerel – High in essential omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids of which you should be having three times a week, and protein, so is a good choice of fish (and it tastes AMAZING)

Risotto rice – high in carbohydrate to give you loads of energy to get you through your day!

Peas – providing potassium, vitamin B6 for energy and dietary fibre for bowel moment.

Quick and Easy Egg Noodle Salad

Need a pack up lunch idea, meal-prep, or just have a busy schedule and need a quick and easy meal to fuel your day? Look no further, this veggie noodle bowl is perfect!

Serves 1

INGREDIENTS:

  • 1 boiled egg
  • Handful of spinach
  • 1 large tomato, chopped
  • Half an avocado, chopped
  • 50g dried egg noodles (1 nest)
  • 1 tbsp reduces-salt soy sauce

METHOD:

  1. Boil the egg noodles as per packet instructions
  2. Toss all ingredients together
  3. Enjoy!

NUTRITION

Eggs – Eggs are the most useful protein source as they provide essential amino acids (the building molecules of protein), which are also absorbed most efficiently by the body.

Noodles – A good carbohydrate base to keep you fuller for longer, and relatively low in calories.

Avocado – High in unsaturated (good) fats and relatively low in saturates (bad).

Tomatoes – massively high in vitamin C for protein and neurotransmitter synthesis; it also has functions in detoxification and as an antioxidant. It also gives you vitamin A for vision and immune function, and potassium for fluid balance and muscle contraction.

Spinach – An excellent source of vitamin K for cell signalling and to aid calcium absorption, and magnesium for nerve transmission and heart function.

Homemade muesli

BREAKFAST TIME: This recipe can easily be adapted to suit your preferences – whether you are an early riser or need a boost to get you going in the morning.

Makes 28 bowls of muesli (60g per serving).

INGREDIENTS:

  • 1kg porridge oats
  • 250g dried fruit and nut mix
  • 100g dried cranberries
  • 250g tropical mix
  • 100g flax seeds

METHOD:

  1. Empty 1/2- 3/4 of the porridge oats into a large saucepan on a medium heat.
  2. Keep moving the oats to toast them until they are a golden colour.
  3. Add the toasted oats, the rest of the other oats, and all other ingredients to a large bowl and mix.
  4. Serve with cold milk or low-fat greek yoghurt.
  5. Enjoy!

NUTRITION:

Screen Shot 2018-05-29 at 10.03.33.png

Oats – A good source of carbohydrate which will keep you going for ages! And high in fibre for digestion and the B vitamins for energy release.

Dried fruit – Depending on what dried fruit you pick, the nutrients will vary however without a doubt it will be high in vitamins and minerals.

Nuts – Another source of fibre, and high in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated (good) fats, and vitamin E and selenium for immune and antioxidant function.

 

Staving those hunger cravings

Imagine this: hefty day at work….. stomach rumbling….. looks at watch……. damn it’s only 11am…..

HOW DO I CONCENTRATE FOR 2 HOURS ON NO FOOD?

We’ve all been there, either too hungry before lunch or before tea, and it is NOT a pleasant feeling.

the science – satiety levels tend to improve when food stays in the digestive system longer. For carbohydrates, this can be explained via Glycaemic index* – which is a number expressing how the carbohydrate affects blood glucose levels. Foods with lower glycaemic indexes tend to keep a person fuller for longer as they are slowly digested and contain more fibre/ resistant starch – for example wholemeal foods and pulses. These foods therefore cause a slow and gradual rise in blood glucose levels. Foods with high glycaemic indexes are rapidly digested as they contain sugars and cause quick spikes in blood glucose levels – for example white bread and cereals like cornflakes. Foods may also stay longer in the digestive system, and therefore improve mid-morning/afternoon hunger, if paired with fat or protein as these nutrients tend to have effects on gut emptying.

*Note that there can be some issues with using this method to predict satiety levels as it can be affected by the amount of carbohydrate consumed  and the other components of the meal.

Hopefully I can give you a few handy tips on stopping this from happening so you can power on through your day!

HUNGRY AT 11AM

Just think about what you have had for breakfast…. Cereal? Toast? Eggs? Nothing?

I mean, to point out the obvious, if you’re hungry at 11am and you haven’t had breakfast I think I’ve just solved the issue.

BUT, for the majority of us, the hunger pangs are down to WHAT we are eating at breakfast.

BREAKFAST FOODS THAT CAN KEEP US FULLER FOR LONGER:

EGGS:

Eggs are high in protein which stays in the digestive system for long periods of time, therefore a mixture of eggs with other carbohydrate or fat-based foods will keep you powering on through until lunchtime.

  • Cheese and spinach omelette
  • Poached eggs and avocado on wholemeal toast
  • Scrambled eggs and lean bacon on wholemeal toast
  • Boiled dippy eggs with wholemeal toast and grilled tomatoes

PORRIDGE:

Porridge stays in the digestive system longer as it is high in fibre, so when cooked with semi-skimmed milk (which provides proteins and fats), and topped with some yummy but nutritious toppings, it is the perfect breakfast to start the day with. Here are some topping ideas:

  • Honey, dried fruit, nut and seeds
  • Peanut butter and banana
  • Dates, raisens, banana and cinnamon
  • Nutella and strawberries
  • Coconut flakes, mango, papaya and pineapple
  • Chopped pears and maple syrup

ANYTHING WHOLEGRAIN:

  • Wholemeal/rye bread – jam on toast, bacon butty, dippy eggs, you name it – should increase satiety levels when eaten compared its white bread counterpart.
  • Wholemeal cereals – there is truth behind the saying ‘he must have had his Weetabix this morning’, so stock up on those flaked rectangles of goodness as well as cereals like fruit and fibre, and avoid cereals like Cornflakes and Rice Krispies which contain sugars rather than slowly digesting carbohydrates.
  • Wholemeal rice/pasta – okay, okay, I know this isn’t a conventional breakfast food. As a student, when it is coming up to shopping week, I admittedly have has pasta and pesto for breakfast a few times, and it has kept me full until lunchtime!

HUNGRY AT 4PM

Please refer to ‘HUNGRY AT 11AM’. One of the main reasons that you could be getting hungry at 4 is that your breakfast is not big or nutritious enough to sustain you throughout the day.

Despite this, most people (including me) reach for a mid-afternoon snack to keep me going through to teatime and there has been some pretty extensive research on what snacks we should be eating to keep us going, and stop us from over-snacking or over-eating at the next meal.

SNACK FOODS THAT CAN KEEP US FULLER FOR LONGER:

YOGHURT:

There has been some interesting research conducted that found that eating yoghurt over other high-fat snacks increases the satiety of the consumer, and yoghurt tends to include high amounts of protein which can also aid this. Greek yoghurts tend to be the preferred option, and if you prefer it topped with something to sweeten it, refer to the porridge toppings above.

NUTS:

Again, high in protein and fat, nuts are a great snack alternative to anything high in sugar. Although a handful may not seem like much quantity-wise, they will sure fill you up. Here are some nut options worth about 100 calories:

  • 15-19 almonds
  • 13-14 cashews
  • 28-30 peanuts
  • 10 pecan halves
  • 28 shelled pistachios

DRIED FRUIT

High in fibre so moves through the gut slower, containing lots of vitamins and minerals and counting as one of your 5-a-day, these are a perfect snacking option. A handful is usually a good portion, and prunes, plums and dates have been found to come out on top when looking at satiety levels.

I hope this helps stave those cravings and gives some good options for breakfast and snacks for those on-the-go days!

Continue reading Staving those hunger cravings

WTF is DF??

Dietary fibre… something that helps digestion, right? Maybe in cereal?

There are so many packages stating that the products are ‘high in fibre’, but what does this even mean for our health? Is there a set amount of it you are meant to have per day? And what foods can you eat which include fibre?

Well don’t worry my darlings, all will be explained:

WHAT IS DIETARY FIBRE??

Fibre is a type of carbohydrate of which, when eaten in high consumption, has a multitude of health benefits. It has been proven to reduce the amount of fat in the blood and therefore reduce risk of heart disease. It can also help regulate body weight, increase the immune systems function, and prevent irritable bowel syndrome and constipation. On top of this, it also lowers risk of stroke, type 2 diabetes and bowel cancer. So it’s god damn important!!

The science – fibre is a plant component that resists digestion in the small intestine, so moving into the large intestine where it undergoes fermentation. This fermentation process is important as it provides energy in the form of sugars (monosaccharides). Overall, this digestive process maximises the time to absorb nutrients from other foods eaten by moving slowly through the small intestine in a thick and viscous consistency. 

HOW MUCH SHOULD WE BE HAVING??

The government recommends, on average, 30g of fibre per day as part of a healthy diet. Most adults only consume 18g – so much lower than the expected amount. But, what does 30 grams of fibre actually look like? Most of us don’t weigh our food so how are we meant to know that we are getting our 30g in…

FOODS AND THEIR FIBRE CONTENT…

ANYTHING WHOLEMEAL – wholemeal and granary bread (2.5g per slice), cereals like wholewheat biscuits (1.9g per biscuit) and shredded wheat (3.7g per bowl), wholegrain pasta (9.2g per bowl), brown rice (2.7g per portion), bulgar wheat (you can probably get it from M&S or Waitrose?).

Porridge (1.5g per bowl).

Potatoes with the skin on (2.5g per jacket potato) (most of the nutrients of a potato, and any root veg really, are in the skin).

Pulses – beans (6.5g per two tablespoons of broad), lentils (1g per portion) and chickpeas (3.7g per 3 tablespoons). So stock up on the houmous…

VEG AND FRUIT – peas (2.8g per serving), broccoli (2g per serving), brussels (2.8g per serving), avocado (5g per serving) are all high fibre vegetables and raspberries (1.5g per 15), blackberries (2.3g per 15) and pears (2.4g per pear) have high amounts of fibre for fruits – please note that these are just vegetables and fruits that have the highest amounts of fibre, all fruits and vegetables contain some fibre so are important to include.

ADDING MORE FIBRE TO OUR DIETS….

SO, knowing all these foods and the amount of fibre is in them in grams may not mean anything to you – so if you want a slightly simpler way of knowing that you are having your 30g of fibre per day there is an easier way of doing it:
It can be recommended that, with your 5-A-DAY, you should be having 3 portions of the following foods per day (that is 3 portions overall, not three portions of each food):

  • One slice of wholemeal bread
  • 1/2 a wholemeal pitta
  • 2 tablespoons of brown rice
  • 3 tablespoons of wholegrain breakfast cereal
  • 2 oatcakes
  • 1 tablespoon of uncooked porridge oats

Hopefully this has cleared up some of the confusion over WTF is DF and how it works in the body. Keep posted for some easy high-fibre recipes to help with hitting that 30g a day target!!

Continue reading WTF is DF??